They are most vocal in the months leading up to the breeding season, May to August. Its length is 45 centimetres (18 in) and its weight is from 454 to 907 grams (1.0 to 2.0 lb). If they suspect that they have lost their company, the calls increase in frequency and they are likely to go hunting for their companions. Spotted eagle-owls are medium-sized birds that have a distinctive appearance with prominent ‘ear tufts’ on the tops of their heads which all eagle owls have. The facial disk is off white to pale ochre and their eyes are yellow. If you happen to be watching one while it is calling, you will see a white patch on its throat become briefly conspicuous at each hoot. Its prey mainly consists of rodents, small mammals, birds, insects and reptiles. During this time, the owlets learn essential skills by mock-hunting and catching smaller prey such as insects. The males usually give a double hoot, ‘hoo-hooooee’, which the female answers with a softer triple hoot, ‘hoo-hoo-hooee’. The hoots have a deep, pure tone, with females' voices higher than males. Prior to 1999 the spotted eagle-owl was considered consp The owl's signal call—used by adult males and females to mark and defend territory, and by males delivering food to females—is a series of four hooted notes, with the middle two closest together. The call of the Spotted Eagle-Owls is a mellow hoot. The male will hunt and bring food when the female cannot leave the nest. Specialized care is required in captivity consisting of a balanced diet with the correct ratio of calcium to phosphorus and specific husbandry needs that should be met. Specialized release methods are applied to integrate captive raised owlets back into the wild. They are able to breed at around one year of age. If raised on the incorrect diet, owlets suffer malnutrition of various types, including metabolic bone disorder (MBD) which causes poor bone formation and could lead to their death. They have a life span of up to 10 years in the wild and up to 20 in captivity. The calls are generally typical, musical eagle-owl hoots. They are often referred to as urban owls and will live in close proximity to human habitation. Spotted Eagle-Owl (Bubo africanus) bird sounds on dibird.com. It is illegal to capture or keep any indigenous owls in South Africa without the necessary rehabilitation permit issued by the Department of Nature Conservation. As with all owls this species, when detected, is subject to daylight harassment by local birds. The default large owl throughout its range; occurrs in a broad range of lightly-wooded habitats, including suburbia. Sometimes, even in conditions verging on starvation, he will tear the head off a mouse, but bring the body for the female to feed to the young, or to eat herself if the eggs have not yet hatched. It has prominent ear tufts, and the upper body is dusky brown, the lower parts off-white with brown bars. They have a healthy population in most parts of the country. Prior to 1999 the spotted eagle-owl was considered conspecific with the greyish eagle-owl, but now it is classed as a separate species. Photographed at the Owl Rescue Centre in the North West Province of South Africa, A juvenile spotted eagle-owl will develop its ear-tufts at about six months old. It often swallows its prey whole, with much head-jerking, pausing and resting in between, while a portion of the prey remains inside the mouth, until the prey can finally be swallowed down completely. It has prominent ear tufts, and the upper body is dusky brown, the lower parts off-white with brown bars. [4] Owlets make a rasping noise when they are hungry that can be heard by the parents over far distances to alert them to the owlets location. For prey too large to swallow whole, the owl will tear pieces of meat from the prey, and will also tear shreds to feed nestlings. 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