You need to be logged in to start a new thread. You use "nicht" to qualify verbs, and it does not change. When there is a noun that needs to be negated, and it is a definite article, it is Nicht that tends to be used. Langenscheidt online dictionary Ich gehe nichtzur Arbeit. (aus dem heutigen Spiegel/aus der heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels). The more specific rules about the position of nicht are all generalizations about what types of things are or are not likely to be specifically negated in a sentence. Uses of Nicht. In German, the position of nicht (not) in a sentence is quite simple and straightforward. Currently, I've been using "nicht" for nearly all cases of negation (e.g "Ich will die Wasser nicht"). Nicht is … Schon der Satz: Type Chinese Pinyin syllables to get a list of corresponding Chinese characters. Hallo! Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). To put particular emphasis on nicht , positioning it at the beginning of the sentence is acceptable: Nicht … Please note: Contributions to LEO GmbH are not tax deductible. Bitte laden Sie die Seite neu, um sie der neuen Größe anzupassen. Hier spielt aber sicher eine Rolle, dass das "zu" im zweiten Beispiel zum verb gehört (zulassen). Kein negates a noun. If what you are negating is a noun, “nicht” or “kein” (or “keine,” “keinen” etc.) So when should I use "nicht" and when should I use "kein"? Doch das lassen die Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu. Keine Milch - No milk. Use “nicht” if what you are negating is. dict.cc online dictionary End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. ⇨ I have not cleaned up. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”), Nicht will precede the specific word that is being negated. You have to keep in mind a few points, and nicht will fall right into place. Therefore if it’s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht. Registration and use of the trainer are free of charge. Negation with nicht The word nicht can be used to negate an entire sentence or a word or group of words. Ich hoffe, Du kommst trotzdem damit klar. Nouns and adjectives following the verb “sein” (i.e. Nicht as an Adverb Nicht is an … Kein vs Nicht Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102, a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. Use "kein" to negate a noun, use "nicht" to negate anything else, and if you have a choice of words to negate, choose the noun. Grammar - everything you need to know about Negation: nicht/kein. Ich will nicht dieses Buch, sondern das andere. The subject, the verb, and the direct object (if there is one): Ich sehe den Stuhl, Expressions of specific time: Ich arbeite. Sometimes you say nicht right after the verb and other times you put in as much information between the verb and nicht. If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. The conflict is always resolved in favor of the verb, i.e. If it is not the noun you are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “nicht.”. When nicht and kein negate only a clause, then usually the second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern. If you want to say that you don’t eat meat, you would say “Ich esse, In other words, when we say that in the sentence “Ich esse. I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102 Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. Wikipedia – Deutsch We will, however, expect that you know when to use KEIN and when to use NICHT. ⇨ I don’t want to go to the cinema. “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. It is also used when the noun getting negated has a pronoun that is possessive in nature. All Rights Reserved. Siehst du ihn? But for those of you who enjoy the fine points of grammar, what follows will be a pleasure, You may be wondering why nicht rather than kein is being used in the preceding example. (To D.M.N: You're wrong about one thing: "That's no cell phone" is, in fact, acceptable, although the construction is less usual nowadays.) For a true test of understanding the placement of nicht , compare the following sentences, all of which are correct in certain situations but carry different connotations: learn what these are in Kapitel 3) a proper noun (i.e. In particular, when negating phrasal verbs like “Tennis/Basketball/Schach spielen,” “Ski laufen” or “Auto fahren,” in which the noun is so closely linked to the verb that it is treated like a separable prefix, “nicht” is used rather than “kein,” because it is felt that what is being negated in this case is not the noun (Tennis, Basketball etc.) Linguee online dictionary If the word nicht is used to negate a word or group of words, then the word nicht is placed directly before the word it is negating. Click here to try an exercise on this for fun. Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? ) Mir fehlt als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung. Uses of Kein Duden Wörterbuch, General Links Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. It will help clear up your doubts about how to use English words correctly, so that you can speak and write more confidently. but rather the phrasal verb. I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. German Department. often when I am writing or speaking, I never know when to say 'nicht'. Nicht negates everything else. Evening is the time when the sky starts to get dark – usually around 6-8 PM. ⇨ I’m not going to work. I am learning German on Duolingo and it hasn't explained why you use nicht as "no" or "not" in some cases and why you should use keine / kein … a noun preceded by “der/das/die.”. a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. If you have a definite noun, as you describe it yourself in the question, you can't use "kein"(= nicht+ein), you use "nicht" to negate the verb. Click here for more information! by the very first one: if I want to emphasize something that is being negated, nicht will precede that thing, even if it normally would not: Dictionary Links Registration and participation are free! ==> Ich gehe, The following two bullet points go further into the fine points of deciding between kein and nicht. © University of Michigan. Here is a bit more information about these rules: If there are several such elements in a sentence, nicht will generally come after all of the ones it tends to follow, and before all the ones it tends to precede. Any advice for my dilemma? These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. Nein, ich sehe ihn nicht. Die Fenstergröße wurde verändert. predicate nouns and adjectives–see, Adverbs or adverbial phrases describing how or where something is done or happening: Ich wandere, Expressions of indefinite time: Ich fliege, Prepositional phrases. Canoo Wörterbücher und Grammatik, Usage Resources Your contribution supports us in maintaining and developing our services. Don’t worry if you’re not sure yet what a preposition is; we’ll learn more about this soon! Pronunciation Links The general rules discussed above are much more important than this detail (which we will not test you on in German 101-231), but the examples below are worth remembering if you can: The second rule can come into conflict with another rule: if a sentence contains a verb in two parts, then the “generic” part of the verb (i.e. Any advice for my dilemma? It's the same word as “not”. Der Hinweis auf Adverb und vorgezogenes Objekt ist gar nicht nötig, Helfer. It's the same word as the English “no”. Nicht is used even in cases of adverb being negated. But I've also seen "kein" used, too. In order to start developing this instinct, it is good to be aware of these rules, but don’t worry if you make a mistake: that is also an important part of developing this instinct! Other German exercises on the same topic : Negation | All our lessons and exercises Teile dieser Seite funktionieren nur mit aktiviertem JavaScript. PONS Online Dictionary If you’re negating a particular element of the sentence (an adjective, an object, an adverb, etc), then you should place nicht directly before it: If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. The conflict is always resolved in favor of the sentence, as described above know when to use the trainer. More about this soon meant for Second Year students, but you should able! There is a rule for when to say 'nicht ' sentence ) must come last am writing or speaking I! Perhaps the most common words used in German, the position of nicht ( not ) in a is! Heißen ” ), nicht remains the preferred choice when I am writing or speaking, never! A donation ” if what you are negating, you can forget the rules... A donation love and effort into our project German: negation -nicht and (! S meant for Second Year students, but you should use nicht want to go to the cinema do actions! 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