For best results, use the technique of adding fertilizer about four inches from the side of the plant’s stem. [23][24] The DRDO said that ghost pepper-based aerosol sprays could be used as a "safety device", and "civil variants" of chili grenades could be used to control and disperse mobs. With a few tips and tricks, you can learn how to grow one of the world’s hottest peppers for yourself. Container-friendly: Ghost peppers can be grown in containers; the minimum container size is about three gallons with five gallons being ideal. It is extensively cultivated in northeastern India, especially in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. Avoid dramatic temperature changes. Raised beds are ideal for ghost pepper planting as they help to maintain a higher soil temperature. [11], In Nagaland, one of the regions of cultivation, the chili is called Naga jolokia ('Naga chili'; also romanized nôga zôlôkia) and bhut jolokia (also romanized bhût zôlôkiya). Sometimes called ghost chili or Bhut Jokolia, these could be an exciting plant to grow at your backyard. Remedy magnesium deficiency by spraying with Epsom salts. Water requirements: Soil should be kept moist but not muddy. Plant Size: Ghost pepper plants that are 36 inches away from other plants typically grow to about four feet tall. Common ghost peppers will be bright red when ripe. Light requirements: Ghost peppers need full sun, which means as much sunlight as possible. Scoville heat units: The ghost pepper measures between 855,000 and 1,041,427 Scoville heat units. Further, they typically have a spread between 1 and 2 feet (0.30 and 0.61 meters). Ghost pepper pods are unique among peppers because of their characteristic shape and very thin skin. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Maturation: Most plants provide fully developed, ripe ghost peppers in about four months; however, it can take as long as six months in some cases. Enjoy 500+ spicy recipes, 125+ pepper profiles, and hundreds of related articles. Under ideal growing conditions, a … [20][21] The pepper's intense heat makes it a fixture in competitive chili-pepper eating. The ghost pepper,[2][3] also known as bhut jolokia (which literally means Bhutanese chili in Assamese[4]), is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. Dremann, Craig Carlton. The habanero plant grows 24 to 36 inches tall, while the “Ghost Pepper” grows 36 to 42 inches tall and will produce comparatively more peppers. In 2000, India's Defence Research Laboratory (DRL) reported a Scoville rating for the ghost pepper of 855,000 SHUs,[14] and in 2004 a rating of 1,041,427 SHUs was made using HPLC analysis. Once your seedlings are four to six inches tall – about six to eight weeks after germination – it’s time to transplant them out into the garden, or into a container. Plant Size: Ghost pepper plants that are 36 inches away from other plants typically grow to about four feet tall. The rough fruit plants are taller, with more fragile branches, while the smooth fruit plants yield more fruit and is a compact with sturdier branches. Transplanted ghost peppers need temperatures of no less than 73 degrees for optimal health. The infamous bhut jolokia (a.k.a. Ghost peppers are very sensitive to changes in temperature, especially sudden drops. Dips below 70 degrees can easily kill your plant while excessively high temperatures (above 90 degrees) can cause blossoms to fall which means that plants may not produce fruit. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. The hotter and more humid the better for recreating the ghost pepper’s native northeastern Indian environment. Use clippers or a knife to remove peppers from the plant in order to prevent damage. However, in the race to grow the hottest pepper, the ghost chili was superseded by the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper in 2011 and Carolina Reaper in 2013. [22], In 2009, scientists at India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced plans to use the peppers in hand grenades as a nonlethal method to control rioters with pepper sprays or in self-defence. 4 feet tall. However, the red fruit variety has two … [10] Other usages on the subcontinent are Saga jolokia, Indian mystery chili and Indian rough chili.[10]. Cultivars", "NMSU: The Chile Pepper Institute - Home", "Novel Formation of Ectopic (Nonplacental) Capsaicinoid Secreting Vesicles on Fruit Walls Explains the Morphological Mechanism for Super-hot Chile Peppers", "World's Hottest Chile Used as Elephant Repellent", "The Gut-Wrenching Science Behind the World's Hottest Peppers", "Army's new weapon: world's hottest chili - Trends News - IBNLive", "South Asia | India plans hot chilli grenades", "India scientists hail 'multi-purpose' chillis", "Army used 'chilly grenades' to flush out Pak terrorist Sajjad Ahmed from a cave",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red is the most common, with orange, yellow and chocolate as rarer varieties, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 14:12.