Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (/ˈæbdəl kəˈlɑːm/ (listen); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. [134] Describing Kalam as a unifier of diverse traditions, Congress leader Shashi Tharoor stated, "Kalam was a complete Indian, an embodiment of the eclecticism of India's heritage of diversity". Acrylic paintings about his life are also displayed along with hundreds of portraits depicting the life of the mass leader. [147], Kalam took an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology, including a research programme for developing biomedical implants. Wheeler Island, a national missile test site in Odisha, was renamed Abdul Kalam Island in September 2015. It only reflects their love and affection for me and the aspiration of the people. [28] Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects. He then moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering. [149][150] The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Government. [48] Kalam was the third President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, before becoming the President. [166], A prominent road in New Delhi was renamed from Aurangzeb Road to Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road[167][168] in August 2015. [131] BJP leader L. K. Advani concurred that Kalam was "the best exemplar of the Idea of India, one who embodied the best of all the cultural and spiritual traditions that signify India's unity in immense diversity. Kalam was invited by Raja Ramanna to witness the country's first nuclear test Smiling Buddha as the representative of TBRL, even though he had not participated in its development. [151] In 1997, Kalam received India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, for his contribution to the scientific research and modernisation of defence technology in India. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. [92][93], On 30 July 2015, the former president was laid to rest at Rameswaram's Pei Karumbu Ground with full state honours. [82] The protesters were hostile to his visit as they saw him as a pro-nuclear scientist and were unimpressed by the assurances he provided regarding the safety features of the plant. Pramukh Swami's answer—to add a sixth area developing faith in God and spirituality to overcome the current climate of crime and corruption—became the spiritual vision for the next 15 years Kalam's life, which he describes in his final book, Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji, published just a month before his death. [142] Kalam stated that he was inspired by Pramukh Swami throughout their numerous interactions. [16][17][18] His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. Dr. Abdul Kalam attended Saint Joseph's College in Tiruchirappalli, graduating with a degree in physics in 1954. "[89], Following his death, Kalam's body was airlifted in an Indian Air Force helicopter from Shillong to Guwahati, from where it was flown to New Delhi on the morning of 28 July in an air force C-130J Hercules. IST. [44], On 18 June, Kalam filed his nomination papers in the Indian Parliament, accompanied by Vajpayee and his senior Cabinet colleagues. Nearing the expiry of the term of the 12th President Pratibha Patil on 24 July 2012, media reports in April claimed that Kalam was likely to be nominated for his second term. [130][131][134][135] In addition to his faith in the Quran and Islamic practice, Kalam was well-versed in Hindu traditions; he learnt Sanskrit,[136][137] read the Bhagavad Gita[138][139] and he was a vegetarian. [152] In 2013, he was the recipient of the Von Braun Award from the National Space Society "to recognize excellence in the management and leadership of a space-related project". [32] However, the director of the site test, K Santhanam, said that the thermonuclear bomb had been a "fizzle" and criticised Kalam for issuing an incorrect report. [148], Kalam set a target of interacting with 100,000 students during the two years after his resignation from the post of scientific adviser in 1999. In addition, he serves as professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University in Chennai and at Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara (JSS) University in Mysore. I join our Indo–Canadian families, friends, and neighbours in mourning the passing of this respected leader. [117][118] On display are the replicas of rockets and missiles which Kalam had worked with. Dr. Abdul Kalam Dr. A.P.J. [41][42] After the Samajwadi Party announced its support for Kalam, Narayanan chose not to seek a second term in office, leaving the field clear. [29] R Venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating ₹ 3.88 billion for the mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive. No manoeuvres are required any more, as I am placed in my final position in eternity. [73][74] A month ahead of the election, Mulayam Singh Yadav and Mamata Banerjee also expressed their support for Kalam. [14][15] Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. [68][69][70] After the reports, social networking sites witnessed a number of people supporting his candidature. I want to thank them for the trust they have in me. "[110] United States President Barack Obama extended "deepest condolences to the people of India on the passing of former Indian President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam", and highlighted his achievements as a scientist and as a statesman, notably his role in strengthening US–India relations and increasing space co-operation between the two nations. He is an honorary fellow of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology in Thiruvananthapuram. Along with supporting his family he continued his studies and completed graduation. He remarked on Kalam's outstanding "personal contribution to the social, economic, scientific, and technical progress of India and in ensuring its national security," adding that Kalam would be remembered as a "consistent exponent of closer friendly relations between our nations, who has done a lot for cementing mutually beneficial Russian–Indian cooperation. A.P.J. [96] The Government of India declared a seven-day state mourning period as a mark of respect. ​, meet.google.com/igb-fxxc-tbx join fast today is my birthday ​, Why we wasting time here instead of study because there is everywere nudity .....​, meet.google.com/igb-fxxc-tbx join fast today is my birthday join fast all of you​, difference between minerals in karnataka and uttarakhand​, join girl for sex meet.google.com/srm-mrew-swe​, करंगे।प्रश्न 8-बीमार होने पर आप अथवा आपके परिजन उपचार के लिए कहाँ जाते है वहाँ इलाज की क्यासुविधा है?प्रश्न 9- हम बीमार क्यों पड़ते है ? You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Dr Kalam completed his aerospace engineering degree from which institute ​, how is peace different than /similar to silence? Abdul Kalam", "Kalam conferred Honorary Doctorate of Science", "Dr. Abdul Kalam's Diverse Interests: Prizes/Awards", "Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology", "Turning Points:A journey through challenges", "Dr. Abdul Kalam's new Book A Manifesto for Change to release on July 14", "Nuclear Scientist, 70, a Folk Hero, Is Elected India's President", Website of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam during his tenureship as the President of India, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU), Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN–SPACe), ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS), ISRO Satellite Integration and Testing Establishment (ISITE), List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=A._P._J._Abdul_Kalam&oldid=990227055, Indian Space Research Organisation people, Recipients of the Padma Bhushan in civil service, St Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli alumni, Recipients of the Padma Vibhushan in science & engineering, Fellows of the National Academy of Medical Sciences, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dr. A. P. J. 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